World Mental Health Day: History & Objectives
The overall objective to observe world mental health day on 10th October every year is to create awareness and providing knowledge of mental health issues to general public worldwide. Second objective is to mobilize people support for the cause of managing mental health illness.
World mental health day was first celebrated in 1992. This was started at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health. This is a global mental health organization having members around the world. Their contacts persons present in many countries of the world.
This day especially provide opportunity to health care providers and NGOs who are engage in extending their service in managing mental illness, also to convey their objective and highlight services offered by them in respective geography. They have an opportunity on this day to talk about their services.
Secondly the media also play their role in creating awareness on specific day such electronic, print (lay / medical press) and social / digital media.
This day also allows the stake holders to highlight how they can do more in future to manage mental illness with overall support of the people and government.
As per reports of WHO which states (approximately 25%) One in four people will be at some point in life effected by neurological disorder.
Overall Global Picture
An ongoing study by WHO which asses the Global Burden of Disease, this is an ongoing and continuous project of WHO along with association of World Bank and Harvard School of Public Health.
They have produced evidence and states the neurological disorder is one of the greatest threat for public health globally. The published report gave clear message, if immediate action is not initiated worldwide the disease burden of neurological disorder will further increase globally. This will further aggravate the situation and likely to become unmanageable in most of the countries worldwide.
Source for above report is WHO under heading of Neurological Disorders, Public Health Challenges
Treatment is available
For mental health disorder or neurological disorder treatments are available and at affordable price. The real fact / tragedy is approximately 66% people with known mental disorder have never reached or approached to health care provider. It is disgrace for all of us.
Why it is so because of stigma or taboo attach to it, which hinder to go the psychiatrist or neurologist. Beside of it we also discriminate, avoid or hide mental disorder. This habit to avoid, will prevent us to take the sufferer to the physician for diagnosis and treatment.
Human being mostly has habit of neglecting or avoiding a problem or condition this is a real problem. UNO has decided to break this vicious cycle and they publish a report for managing mental disorder with the topic of “New Understanding, New Hopes.” As it further states having main theme is “how to overcome” it.
If there is neglect there is little or no understanding. If there exist no understanding than this term as neglect.
Government role in managing & treating mental health disorder
United Nation stress the government has to find solution to manage health problem which is already available and at affordable price. They further stress that Government should roll it down to the community level which means at primary care (Taluka or union council level) and secondary care that is District level instead of confining it to tertiary care hospital Medical or teaching hospital or Universities.
Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO mentioned in her report, Mental illness is not an individual failure, it is the way we all responded to the people with mental disorder and neurological symptom. She further invites and request Government to take strategic decision with open heart and mind to accept the responsibility to treat and managed people who are suffering from mental disorder. In the report it is mentioned few of the mental disorder are preventable. Most of the mental or behavioral disorder can be treated.
Good and positive thing is much of the mental disorder is preventable or treatable and very cost effective, which means it is within the reach of common man. From the individual sufferer and attach family members what needed is to be patience and persistent to manage it. It is recommended to follow the advice of physician and regularly patient take prescribe medication because it takes time to cure.
When mental illness is recorded or determined, the fact is few cases are of chronic origin or of long term nature. These condition can be manage by proper treatment and counselling. The people who are suffering from mental or neurological disorder can be made stable and they can have productive and meaning full live. Later on they have played positive and productive role in the society after coming out of the phase.
Depressive disorder: fourth leading cause of disease burden
WHO further communicate Depressive disorders currently is the fourth leading cause of the global disease burden, expected this mental disorder will occupy second place by 2020, after ischemic heart disease but depressive disorder will be ahead of all other diseases.
WHO communicate and insist the primary action responsibility to manage it lies with governments. As per report and data collected 40% of the countries have no mental health policy and 30% countries have no mental health program. Worst come worst approximately 25% of the overall countries even don’t have legislation than what to talk mental health management. Mental or neurological disorder is great burden in any society in terms of outcome, economic burden and productivity
The mental or neurological problem such as schizophrenia, depression and epilepsy can be managed easily and treated well at primary or secondary health care level. The sad part of story is in 50% of the countries there is only one psychiatrist per 100 000 people, this means place is overcrowded. 40% of countries have less than one hospital bed for mental disorders patient per 10 000 people.
Article written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan