What is Osteoporosis and What Are The Causes?

The term osteoporosis is referred to the bone disease in it parts of the bone become weak and likely or liable to fracture. In this condition parts of the bone becomes weak and have more likely chance of fracture especially who attain the age of 50 and above.

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Worldwide report states, 1 in 3 women and 1 out of 5 men are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture. This translate into an osteoporotic fracture which is estimated to occur every 3 seconds on this planet to the people of age above fifty.

It is mostly common among older people, that is above 50 years.  This can affect in all ages of women and men. It starts from early age but with the passage of time the disease progress and become eminent in old ages.

In old ages, most of the fracture occur because of highly progressive osteoporosis, which causes the bone to be weakened and unable to bear the body weight. Secondly due to progress of osteoporosis which may lead to restrict the mobility, which means less physical activity.

Women are more prone and likely to develop osteoporosis as compare to men.

This condition speed up in women who have reached the stage of menopause. The risk increases at this stage and also later in women. The hormone estrogen, whose level is not produce by ovaries, this hormone is responsible for maintaining bone strengths in women.

Another reason is women have 30% less bone mass than men.  Women are more likely to have osteoporosis as they grow old and reach the stage of menopause which mostly starts from the age of 50-55 years. After attaining the age 65+ onward both male and female lose bone mass at the same rate.

To remain healthy or delay the loss of bone mass (Osteoporosis), we should regularly follow such as: 

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  • Eat healthy food which should be rich in calcium and Vitamin D.
  • Regular exercise or physical activity to remain healthy and prevent / delay osteoporosis.
  • Maintain healthy body weight and avoid obesity.

Publish data of year 2000 report on incidence of Osteoporosis and associated fractures

  • In year 2000 as per published report Worldwide, osteoporosis related fracture was more than 9.0 million during the year.
  • It was estimated approximately 200 million women are effected by osteoporosis globally. Currently the figure in year 2017 will be far much higher because of population growth and due to increase in overall ageing population. Likely guesstimate will be more than triple of the figures reported in year 2000 which translate approximately more than  27 million fracture yearly.
  • Nearly 10% of fracture reported in the women are at the age of 60. Whereas 20% of fracture cases at the age of 70. Rest of the fracture cases reported were above 70 (70%).
  • The most common fracture associated with it are of hip, spine and wrist. Reported figures regarding the fractures states approximately 17% Hip fracture, 19% of forearm and 15% were of clinical vertebra.
  • In the publish studies further stated globally 1 out of 3 women over the age of 50 will suffer from fracture due to osteoporosis. In man, its ratio is One out of 5 above the age of 50 years will likely suffer from bone fracture.

Causes of Osteoporosis

As we know bones are made up mainly of minerals and calcium, the bone also grows through the process of breakdown and formation of new bones to maintain the ratio. This formation of bone is dependent and influenced by hormone, especially take case of women the presence of estrogen hormone level in body. Building cycle of bone takes nearly takes 100 days.  It is also dependent on the level of calcium and Vitamin D in body. The problem of osteoporosis starts and speed up when mineral and bone tissue are losing faster as compare to formation of bone.

osteoporosis causes

Factors which may likely to speed up the process of osteoporosis are such as:

  • Decrease or drop in level of estrogen hormone level in female especially after menopause.
  • Family History or type of body of the individual
  • Your life style and condition of the health
  • Less physical activity or exercise
  • Decrease level of calcium and vitamin D.
  • Unusual care in Diabetes they are more likely to suffer from hip or shoulder fracture than those are not suffering from diabetes.

Diagnose of Osteoporosis

It is by assessing the risk fracture in concern patient by evaluating bone density. This can be done or recommended by your physician or consultant. The doctors will assess you that you have a risk factor to have fracture or progressive osteoporosis because of progressive age or menopause in ladies (age 50 years or above). Now a days several, quick and affective diagnosis method are available which measures bone mineral density normally refer as first and basic test refer as BMD. If it reflects that bone density is low or too low than the physcian will label her or him as osteoporosis.

Further to confirm basic investigation than doctor will recommend bone density measurement known as DEXA scan. This is highly effective scanning method to determine and confirm osteoporosis. Further investigation will depend upon doctor need and patient condition such as CT Scan or ultrasound


Article written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan for social media such as website, facebook, linkedin, twitter etc

About Mahmood Hussain

Professional Experience More than 36 years work experience in Healthcare & Pharmaceutical sectorDirector & General Manager Baby First (Pvt.) Ltd Pakistan March 2011 – till to date I have been associated with Baby First (Pvt) Ltd for more than 5 years. It is advisory, community and social interaction medium for parents 16-38 years and babies 0-6 years.General Manager Aga Khan Health Service Pakistasn December 2005 – December 2007 (2 years 1 month)Based at Karachi Pakistan Worked as General Manager managing Karachi & Baluchistan Health care services of AKHSP which includes primary and secondary health care centers and diagnostic centers on all areas nearly 102 centers which include three leading hospitals in Karachi.General Manager Janssen Cilag (Johnson & Johnson) February 1998 – January 2005 (7 years)Education MBA, Marketing 1995 – 1996, Preston University MSc, Biochemistry 1970 – 1974, Karachi University

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