Pregnancy week by week: during second trimester and its management.
The second trimester of pregnancy is a period from four to six month (14 -27 weeks.)
In this phase the baby is developing in mother womb and she starts have a real feeling.
In later part of second trimester that is by 20th week she feels baby’s ability to move and hear it.
During this phase of 2nd trimester which last from 14 -27 weeks, she goes through following condition such as enlargement of breast, her belly appears growing and color of skin may also change.
After 20th week of pregnancy she has achieved half way mark to deliver baby,
It is advice to regularly visit the doctor on monthly basis for routine checkup or whenever asked by gynecologist.
If you have any question or query please do ask your doctor and seek his / her expertise to manage it for healthy and smooth management of rest of the period of pregnancy. This means till the delivery of baby.
Second trimester (14-27 week) is normally referred as the most comfortable period of pregnancy during all three phases of trimester. Mothers do have difficult time during 1st trimester but in this phase pregnant women feel better. The discomfort feeling which she had during 1st semester normally phase out or decline to a greater extent in this phase. Decline in nausea or sick feeling, which she had in faze one. This means that mother start having comfortable feeling with the smell of food, which she did not tolerated during her 1st trimester of pregnancy.
With better feeling of her condition while entering into this period, it is also noted her energy level start picking up.
At the end of the 2nd trimester belly comes out or start bulging out of lower abdominal is very much evident and is term as pregnant belly.
It has been observed baby growth is rapid during second trimester (14-27 week).
By the 18 week of pregnancy baby weight will be 5-6 ounce. Tiny finger print can be observed in shape of tiny digits and at this stage baby can yawn also.
After completion of 21 weeks, mothers can feel the movement of arms and leg which has develop to certain extent.
When baby is about to be 23 week the weight will be nearly to a pound, which will likely to be double by the end of second trimester that is after completion of 27 weeks.
During this semester other interesting things happen and it is highly exciting for parents and specially you as mother.
Around 15 weeks sign of hair and nails start appearing and by end of 22nd week mark appearance of eye brows and eye lashes.
As reported and observe also by the end of first trimester digestive system has already been formed. During 2nd semester baby is ready to suck, swallow as well taste the food also via amniotic fluid present in mother appeared belly.
By 22nd week of pregnancy, he/she develop senses such as started smelling, also hear and see the things. The little eye which has evolved now begins to open also.
The sign of heart development start appearing from 17th week and by 20th week his develop brain start regulating the heartbeat. It can be listened through stethoscope after 20 weeks by the doctor or nurse.
Brain which is already develop and controlling various function of the baby body such as heartbeat mentioned above, by 24th week baby induces kick and regular blinking of eye lid.
During 25th week capillaries formation has started. Its function is, they carry oxygenated blood and nutrients to the baby body.
As mother, you also observe changes in your body
During this 2nd trimester few of the symptoms may persist which you had in 1st phase (such as heartburn and constipation). Beside it few more symptoms you may also start feeling. The size of the belly grows; also observe increase in hormonal level. Your body is trying to cope up with these two conditions.
During this phase of pregnancy following symptoms may appear:
- Mild to moderate swelling of ankles observe in 75% pregnant women. The swelling may start appearing in 22nd week and last till pregnancy is over. To reduce the effect of swelling please try to be active, whenever you are in sitting position please raise your leg or you use stool or cushion to raise your foot. Secondly also important please do avoid long time in a standing or sitting position.
- Chest Congestion
- Muscular cramps in leg may also observe in 16 or later week and last till baby is delivered. This may be due to increase in body weight and hormonal changes. This may also be observed in cases where shortage of calcium and magnesium persist. This needs to be asses by your doctor. In the meanwhile it is recommended & you have to be sure to eat healthy and balance diet. Be happy and cheer full during entire pregnancy period.
- In certain women dizziness is observed and it may be due to low blood pressure, reason is more blood has to be supplied for the extra part of body. As mother we have to manage the situation and recommended to eat small meal with frequent intervals and also increase liquid intake.
- Mother may feel a constant / dull pain in lower abdominal, doctors refer as Achiness. This may be due to stretching of ligament of belly to support increase in belly size.
Written by Mahmood Hussain May 15, 2016 for Baby First Pakistan website & facebook/babyfirstpk.