Pregnancy Symptoms & Early Signs of Pregnancy

Pregnancy is also known as gestation. Average duration of pregnancy is of 40 weeks. To identify early pregnancy symptoms this may be due to missed menstrual periods, tenderness of breasts, nausea and vomiting, increase in appetite, and increase in frequency of urination.

To confirm pregnancy this can be done through pregnancy test.

pregnancy symptoms and pregnancy test in pakistan

At the time getting pregnant in which one or more offspring develops inside a mother womb. Normally and mostly women give birth to one baby but multiple pregnancy is also possible in which she delivers more than one offspring, such as twins or triplet baby. Very rarely it can be 4 or more.

Pregnancy occurs due to sexual intercourse. After getting pregnant, this usually lasts around 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP).

After 37 to 40 week or it is just over nine lunar month of conception it results in shape of reward by giving birth to a baby or occasionally babies.

An initial stage of gestation is term as embryo which last for first eight weeks. This develop offspring during the first eight weeks following after conception. After end of embryo the stage, the rest of the period is term as fetus and use till the birth.

The whole period of pregnancy is divided in three trimester and they are called 1st trimester, 2nd trimester and 3rd trimester.

First triesmter starts from week one and last till 12 week. During this period it carries highest risk of miscarriage or abortion

Second trimester starts from 13 week and last till 28 weeks. During 19 or 20 week or around middle of 2nd trimester movements of fetus is observe.

It has been observe and establish fact if baby is deliver at 28 weeks, more than 90% of babies now may survive if they are out of uterus, this is subject to proper / good quality medical care is provided.

The period of 3rd trimester starts from start of 29 week last till 40th week or baby normally /routinely deliver after 37 week.

If proper recommended prenatal care is taken care off during entire pregnancy symptoms, it improves the outcome. The prenatal care is regularly advice by your gynecologist or doctor or midwives during your monthly routine checkup during pregnancy. In prenatal care it is advice for intake of folic acid, regular physical examination by your physician, regular exercise and blood test

[icon type=”glyphicon glyphicon-asterisk” fontsize=”200″]The pregnancy symptoms may be, high blood pressure, severe nausea and vomiting, anemia, gestational diabetes and among others

37 to 41 weeks is term as pregnancy week, full term refer as 39 and 40 weeks, early term is use for 37 and 38 weeks and late term is refer for 41st week. ,

If baby is delivered after 41 week it is refer as post term delivery.

Baby is born before 37 weeks is term as preterm delivery and it is observe they are at high risk health problem such as cerebral palsy.

Cerebral palsy is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by an insult to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth.

symptoms of pregnancy and early signs of pregnancy

As per advice by medical expert delivery before 39 week by inducting labor pain or caesarean section is not recommended until unless it is require for other medical reason.

Available data report approxmately10-15% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Due to complication of pregnancies 293,000 deaths were reported in the year 2013 but quite low as compare to 377,000 deaths reported in 1990.This is due to awareness among parents and improvement and advancement in quality medical care with the passage of time.

Miscarriage may result in due to maternal bleeding, abortion complications, high blood pressure of pregnancy, maternal sepsis, and obstructed labor.

As per worldwide report 40% of pregnancies are not planned out of which half of them are aborted.

Some common pregnancy symptoms and discomforts is observed which include:

  • Tiredness / slackness
  • Constipation
  • Pain in hip
  • Back pain
  • Swelling or Edema. It is commonly observe with advancement during gestation.
  • Increase in frequency of urine.
  • Haemorrhoids commonly known as piles
  • Heart burn, acidity and nausea.
  • Tenderness in breast is common during 1st
  • Urinary tract infection is also may be observe.
  • Pregnancy symptoms stretch marks scientifically term as Striae gravidarum.
  • Varicose veins. It is common complaint observe and is cause by relaxation of smooth venous muscle and increased intravascular pressure.

Time of Child birth

Stages of pregnancy term





At 37 week

Early Term

37 weeks

39 weeks

Full Term

39 weeks

41 weeks

Late Term

41 weeks

42 weeks

Post term

42 weeks


pregnancy week by week, symptoms of early stages

As mentioned above preterm birth may lead to complications and this phase should be avoided if it is possible.

In few cases if a woman’s water breaks or she has contractions before 39 weeks than this birth is unavoidable. In case of birth after 37 week is require, this term to be consider and this is not associated with the same risks as in case of preterm birth delivery.

In case of you or your doctor plan the birth of baby before 39 weeks either by Caesarean section procedure or labor pain induction; this may increase the risk of complications. It may result in the following, such as under develop lungs of newborns, infection may be due to under develop immune system, feeding problems due to under develop brain, and jaundice from underdeveloped liver.

pregnancy symptoms early signs of pregnant woman

Babies who are born between 39 and 41 weeks of pregnancy have better health and outcomes and this phase is refer as full term, than the babies who are born either before or after this range.

Waiting for labor to begin on its own whenever possible, this waiting time period is best for the health of the mother and baby. The decision by your gynecologist, physician or midwives to prepare for induction will have to evaluated and weighing the risk v/s necessity with benefits. This is safer after 39 week of pregnancy.

In case of delay in period of gestation and delivery after 42nd week is refer as post term. If period exceed 42 week than risk of complication for both the pregnant lady and fetus increases. To avoid this stage of post term and complication the obstetrician choose to induce labor pain in week 41 or 42.

Birth of baby refers in medical term labor and delivery. The pregnant women as she normally approaches 37 or more weeks of pregnancy symptoms is considered to be as labor and at this time she experience regular uterine contraction which is accompanied by changes in her cervix dilation. The birth of the child results in mother to have pain and labor is painful procedure. In few cases it is reported by mother a painless delivery. In most of cases baby’s birth are vaginal birth but in few cases problem and complication arises and mothers have to go for surgery which is refer as cesarean section.

Researches have shown the skin-to-skin contact with mother and her newborn immediately after birth is very beneficial for both the mother and baby. This establish a strong bonding between both

As reported by the World Health Organization that bonding and contact between mothers and babies after birth reduces crying, improves mother & newborn interaction. This also helps mothers to breastfeed baby successfully. As per WHO’s recommendation the newborn to be allowed to bond with the mother during their first two hours after birth.

pregnancy symptoms and early signs of pregnancy

Colostrum secretion from mother breast is highly ideal for newborn.

After delivery of newborn, mother body will produce very special milk and this term as colostrum. It is highly concentrated, easily digested milk. This contains all the necessary ingredients needed by baby though it produced in small volume. The colostrum helps in building up immunity system of your baby and delivers growth hormone needed by your newborn. This has also laxative property and this helps in developing and kick start the digestive system. Colostrum normally last for five days after delivery, later on it is translated into breast milk. As per WHO’s recommendation baby to be only fed by breast feeding for first six month than later is supplemented by solid food. Breast milk fulfills the nutritional requirement healthy food for baby for first six months.

By Mahmood Hussain 21st January 2016 for Baby First Pakistan.

About Mahmood Hussain

Professional Experience More than 36 years work experience in Healthcare & Pharmaceutical sectorDirector & General Manager Baby First (Pvt.) Ltd Pakistan March 2011 – till to date I have been associated with Baby First (Pvt) Ltd for more than 5 years. It is advisory, community and social interaction medium for parents 16-38 years and babies 0-6 years.General Manager Aga Khan Health Service Pakistasn December 2005 – December 2007 (2 years 1 month)Based at Karachi Pakistan Worked as General Manager managing Karachi & Baluchistan Health care services of AKHSP which includes primary and secondary health care centers and diagnostic centers on all areas nearly 102 centers which include three leading hospitals in Karachi.General Manager Janssen Cilag (Johnson & Johnson) February 1998 – January 2005 (7 years)Education MBA, Marketing 1995 – 1996, Preston University MSc, Biochemistry 1970 – 1974, Karachi University

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  1. My Girlfriend is bleeding and its been 3 days since we did that. and its not like a bleeding for a period. its more like spoting but its been going on since yesterday morning.

  2. My period us due in 3 days time, but I’m vomiting in the

    mornings am I pregnant?

    • Thank for visiting Baby First. According to your query the pregnancy can only be confirmed after 7-10 days whenever you miss a period. Maybe the vomiting can be due to some other condition.
      Please consult your physician

  3. very helpful information about pregnancy.

  4. My girlfriend has been having uterus cramps while urinating for the past 9 days, could this be a sign of pregnancy?

  5. My girlfriend has been having uterus contractions while urinating, its been 10 days since we did that. Could this be a sign of pregnancy? Or is it a new type of PMS symptom? She only has uterus contractions while on her period. What could this mean?

    • Dear Josh,
      Pregnancy probably if she misses her period (menstural cycle) and this can be confirmed after 10 days after missing her cycle. For confirmation she has to go for pregnancy test in the laboratory.
      Please ask her to contact her physician for for uterus contraction while urinating mainly during her period.

  6. I been having cramps and period like symptoms and I’m at 10dpo today but my period is suppose to come in 4 days, I been really bloated for the past 3 days but it’s going away now it’s just the cramps that i get in my lower abdomen. I took a test and it came back negative but I’m still unsure. .

    • The only way to adjudge pregnancy is by pregnancy test and it should be positive. Pregnancy test to be perform after waiting for 7-10 days from the date of last menses which is missed. As per her query she may have other problem and it is advice to her to visit her physician and brief her condition and symptoms. Her doctor will advise her and what to do and how manage the symptom.

  7. So me and my bf have been trying for a whole year. I have a irregular period just by a couple days. If I am pregnant I would be about 4-5 weeks. I have been having really bad lower back pains for a whole week straight. I have sore, tender breast for 3 days and then it went away. I’ve been feeling nauseas but haven’t thrown up. I have a scratchy throat and stuffy/runny nose. I was supposed to get my period on the 28th and I didn’t till the first I am bleeding medium but there is no blood clots and not as heavy as my normal period. I got two of the clear blue pregnancy test but both of them had an error. Could I be pregnant? Don’t want to get my hopes up. So tired of negative test. ): over all I have NEVER gotten sore breast! EVER!!

    • As she is not doctor, what is recommended to her to visit her physician and brief all he condition and symptom which is lasting for few days. Please request she needs to follow advice and guidelines of physician for quality of life. Only way to confirm pregnancy is pregnancy b y pregnancy test to be performed after 7-10 of missing date of her last menses

  8. I hve irregular periods from may 2015… Then I visited doctor.. She told me that I hve smal cyst’s abt 6cm…later I decided to take myo inositol along with folic acid every day….I started on March 22nd 2016 n I continue it till date… I had my periods on March 29th to 31st 2016…..n on 12th April 2016 I hve breast pain n light lower abdomen cramps till today….. Hve anyone experienced this kinda pain so soon after periods??? Is this a periods pain or pregnancy symptoms????

    • Dear Priyanka
      Thanks for your query, as mentioned by you had irregular periods last year from May 15 and visited doctor, after examining you and I am sure she asked for Ultrasound. The report showed a cyst of about 6 cm (means more than 2 inches), what was adviceby your doctor and what medicine prescribed you. During ten month from May 15 till 22nd March till you start using myo-inositol with folic acid how was your condition, how you manage and cope up during this entire 10 month period.
      What I still request you to please consult your gynecologist / physician and follow his / her advice to treat your prevailing condition.
      As mentioned by you just after using myo-inositol for a week you had your periods on March 29 lasted for four days. From 12 April you feel breast pain and lower abdominal pain. Pregnancy is always ascertained by missing period and can be confirmed after 7-10 days from date you miss the last period but this is not the case here. You need to go to your doctor to further investigate and ascertain your condition and status of cyst.

      Please find below a reference paper which will further help you to understand your current condition
      Gynecol Endocrinol. 2007 Dec;23(12):700-3. Epub 2007 Oct 10.
      Myo-inositol in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: a novel method for ovulation induction.
      Papaleo E1, Unfer V, Baillargeon JP, De Santis L, Fusi F, Brigante C, Marelli G, Cino I, Redaelli A, Ferrari A.
      Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often characterized by chronic oligo- or anovulation (usually manifested as oligo- or amenorrhea), and hyperandrogenism. In addition, 30-40% of PCOS women have impaired glucose tolerance, and a defect in the insulin signaling pathway (inositol-containing phosphoglycan mediators) seems to be implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. PCOS patients are subfertile as a consequence of such ovulatory disorders and often need drugs, such as clomiphene citrate or follicle-stimulating hormone, for ovulation induction, which increases the risk of multiple pregnancy and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We hypothesized that the administration of an isoform of inositol (myo-inositol), belonging to the vitamin B complex, would improve the insulin-receptor activity, restoring normal ovulatory function.
      Twenty-five PCOS women of childbearing age with oligo- or amenorrhea were enrolled in the study. Ovulatory disorder due to PCOS was apparently the only cause of infertility; no tubal defect or deficiency of male semen parameters was found. Myo-inositol combined with folic acid (Inofolic) 2 g twice a day was administered continuously. During an observation period of 6 months, ovulatory activity was monitored with ultrasound scan and hormonal profile, and the numbers of spontaneous menstrual cycles and eventually pregnancies were assessed.
      Twenty-two out of the 25 (88%) patients restored at least one spontaneous menstrual cycle during treatment, of whom 18 (72%) maintained normal ovulatory activity during the follow-up period. A total of 10 singleton pregnancies (40% of patients) were obtained. Nine clinical pregnancies were assessed with fetal heart beat at ultrasound scan. Two pregnancies evolved in spontaneous abortion.
      Myo-inositol is a simple and safe treatment that is capable of restoring spontaneous ovarian activity and consequently fertility in most patients with PCOS. This therapy did not cause multiple pregnancy.

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