As per scientific report / survey published by The Lancet and news also appeared in daily newspapers on Friday 01 April 2016 in Daily Dawn and The Guardian, stating Alarm this bell that “one in five adult suffer from obesity by 2025”.
This will be the cause of rising health problem and increase in health spending, will likely to be in abnormal ratio. Obesity problem needs to be managed by individual, family members and society. Secondly it is also responsibility of government, especially at the level of federal, provincial / states and local body to educate general public to control their body weight. Otherwise this will be epidemic in the society.
If we look at statistic, how much it has affected overall population in last four decades that is from 1975 till 2015, the adult obesity ratio has been more than doubled in 40 years. If this is not managed now and onward the ratio and % in the population will increase rapidly in upcoming 10 years as per current forecast.
In 2014 obese population estimated was 640 million out of five billion adult in the world and likely to reach and exceed to 1.1 billion by year 2025 of adult population. Overall world population will be 8.1 billion by the year 2025.
As per survey reported by the author Majid Ezzati of Imperial College, London. He termed due to rise in obesity it is difficult to evaluate health consequence and its magnitude in the society.
Overall obesity may affect the vital organ such as heart, liver, kidney, brain and lungs and physiological conditions.
“Obesity is also one of the major causes of diabetes type 2”
It may also lead to hypertension, raised cholesterol level, Heart Burn, acidity, heart failure, sleep disorder, bone problem such as Arthritis, osteoporosis, respiratory conditions, birth defects, many type of cancer and other disease conditions.
As mentioned above the disease conditions in patient such as raised cholesterol level and hypertension can be manage and dealt by physician and if needed also specialist or consultants to be consulted for expert advice and guidelines.
Beside it other conditions such as diabetes type 2, arthritis, osteoporosis till to date don’t have very effective treatment, normally these condition are managed by physician in the patient suffering from such ailment. The physician’s will manage to stabilize the patient and reduce patient suffering / intensity. Mostly in these condition treatment is lifelong and patient has to live with these.
On universal basis the people are divided in two weight categories such Unhealthy it means obese / overweight and other is healthy. The two categories are classified on the basis Body Mass Index (BMI) assessment, which is ratio of weight to height square.
To be healthy BMI its range is in between 18.5 to 24.9.
If BMI result is below than 18.5 it is considered as underweight.
Range for terming as over weight is referred as above 25 or above up to 30 BMI.
If BMI exceeds above 30 and onward this is refer as obesity, In such cases chances of diseases increases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer.
With a BMI of 35-39 he or she is categorize as severely obese, and from 40 and upward term as unhealthy or morbidly so.
Written by: Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan
Daily Dawn 02 April 2016
The Guardian 02 April 2016