Infant and Toddler body temperature for assessment of their fever or not.











Infant and Toddler body temperature for assessment of their fever or not.

Children are the greatest gift of God and are blessing for all of us.

The children are like flowers they bloom (کھل) very quickly and simultaneously droop off (مرجھا جانا).

If infant or toddler get the fever and become sick, it means entire family is disturbed and on their toes to do the best.

This topic is highly important for the upbringing of a baby.

By Mahmood Hussain, 12th November 2017, the article and blog are written for   BABY FIRST PAKISTAN and on Facebook.babyfirstPakistan and other social media such as LinkedIn, Twitter and so on. Writer Mahmood Hussain is from Karachi Pakistan and currently at Philadelphia USA.

It is important for the parent or adult care provider to know how to record body temperature.  Exact temperature recording is important to assess the baby or child having a fever or not.

If you feel the baby body is warm and she is running temperature. It is important for you to know the baby body temperature, what you need is a good Digital Thermometer at home for the baby under 4 years of age, which means from his or her day of birth till attaining the age of four years.

Baby below the age of four take body temperature via underarm is called axillary measurement. Please ensure to use the digital thermometer to check temperature among infant and baby, it is advised to never ever use mercury thermometer to check child temperature.  In case of toddler and infants use the rectal route.


Thermometers at a reasonable price. In Pakistan variety of Digital thermometer is available. A good one is available in price range of Rupees 300 to 500 per piece. Please do avoid and refrain from the use of the adult normal mercurial thermometer in infant and toddler.

The digital thermometer is easy to read and give a faster result that is within 10 seconds to a minute. Body temperature can be obtained by applying thermometer rectally or under armpit when the baby is below the age of 4 years. In the adult baby, over 4 years temperature can be recorded by above recommended two methods as well as applying orally if needed.

If using multi-use thermometer than it is advised to confine it for only one area usage, this is to avoid chances of spreading bacteria which may give rise to infection in infant and young baby.

It is advisable after each use clean it with wet wipe or swab to ensure the cleanliness and dryness.

Normal temperature in infant or babies is referred as 97.5F or 36.4 Centigrade. The given range for assessment of normal temperature may vary slightly.

Fever in the baby is usually assumed when the body temperature is above 100.4F or 38C.

Fever can also be assessed in the baby if they feel hotter on touching their body especially the forehead, neck, stomach or back of their body.

Temperature above normal recorded reflects baby is having a fever, which means the child body is fighting or instigating a battle against infection.  This can be further confirmed by recording body temperature with intervals. This recording also helps the doctor to assess baby condition, and if needed find the suitable treatment option to bring down temperature within normal limit.

As per recommendation by American Academy of Pediatrics and most of the doctors says: Normal body temperature is in the range between 97-100.3F or in terms of centigrade it ranges between 36-38C.

If the child rectal or underarm temperature is 100.4 or above which means he or she is suffering from fever.


Normal body temperature range is from 97 to 100.3 F or 36-38C.  

Body temperature if observe 100.4F or 38.0C or above then is term as fever.

If the temperature exceeds this range this means the baby is running a fever, which needs treatment and clinical /physical assessment by physician or pediatrician.

The infant or toddler body temperature is used for the assessment of body fever, but still, this has been observed despite high-grade fever it does not stop a child from playing outside as well taking normal diet. This may not lead to the sign of red alert or alarm bell is not ringing.

In case of fever parents or caregiver are the best to judge, is the baby is seriously ill and does the child need to visit the doctor for treatment and cure.

Please do observe how the baby. looks like and acts. If she is looking well and taking normal fluid intake and feed, then don’t need to call the doctor. If still, the fever persists for more than 24-36 hours or in the case body temperature shoot up and goes higher, than we need to consult the doctor for advice.

If the child body temperature recorded 103degree F or 39.4C or above immediately rushed to the doctor or hospital.

The symptom also observed such as loss of appetite, sneezing, running nose, earache and cough. The child is restless, fussy or disturbs sleeping pattern.  We may also observe diarrhea and vomiting.

In various other condition need to consult doctor such as when notice child looks pale, exhausted, or urine out has declined. Notice rashes on the body along with fever means needs serious care, it can be serious bacterial infection or measles or chicken pox.

This has also been observed mild to moderate eczema on curve area of the body such as the elbow, armpit, back of knee and ankle as well on the back of the body.

In child we observe has difficulty in breathing after clearing baby nose by syringe without needle with saline water, maybe it indicates a child is having pneumonia or chest infection.

The article is written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan website, facebook, twitter, LinkedIn and other popular social media.



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