There is definite relevance between sufferings from HYPERTENSION due to obesity.
Obesity is of great concern and also big challenge for the family members, health care provider and the government
Extra weight of the body or increase in overweight people is globally rated as the sixth most important risk factor. It means it is real burden in the society worldwide.
This is and will indirectly effect and create worry for the dear ones and family members.
Definition of obesity is, people having BMI (Body Mass Index) 30 or more are term as obese. This means the body weight is 20% or more than the ideal recommended weight.
Now days we are not alone who has to cope with obesity for either himself due to sedentary life style or in family or friends. It is also a global problem reported during 2014-15.
This trend of obesity will likely to continue in coming years as per forecast and estimates by experts.
The obese people are exposes to greater health risk such as Hypertension (also known as silent killer), cardio vascular disease (CVD), diabetes stroke, cancer and heart disease.
In reports based on population studies it is estimated that 66% prevalence of hypertension cases may be linked to obesity.
If we consider obesity related metabolic abnormalities such as diabetes as well as abnormal function of heart and arteries this may also be observed in young age, This can be remain asymptomatic for years until and unless clinical and lab investigation is not done. That’s why hypertension is also term as silent killer.
In Pakistan we also have good number of middle to higher income group people who are either overweight or obese. They have to watch, monitor and reduce their weight to improve their quality of life (QOL)
WHO defines overweight and obesity which is given below for ready reference”
If recorded BMI is greater than or above 25 it is term as overweight
BMI if greater than or equal to 30 is term as obesity.
Below are the statistics and fact data released currently by WHO in regard to overweight and obese population. (2014)
1.9 billion adult over the age of 18 years and above were overweight in the year 2014.
Out of these 600 million were obese that means approximately 9% global populations are obese.
If we consider only adult population worldwide out of which is 13% are obese. The gender ratio reported was 11% men and 15% were women.
|BMI of Adult Age 20 and older|
|18.5 to 24.9||Normal weight|
|25.0 to 29.9||Overweight|
|30.0 to 39.9||Obese|
The current trend of obesity will further rise in coming years. Obesity increasing trend is recognized as the most important risk factor which is leading towards increase of patient suffering from high blood pressure / hypertension. The trend of obesity is epidemic annd this will lead to increase in hypertensive patients. This will further ring the alarm bell with core message “obesity will lead to increase the diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease beside chronic heart disease.”
To have quality of life, effective long term weight loss program to be initiated immediately.
- Starting with improving quality of diet, that means recommended healthy balance food,
- Monitoring daily calorie intake and it should be between 1800 to 2000 calories per day to cut down weight.
- Regular physical activities, that means to devote at least or minimum 40 minutes per day for five times a week to physical activities This should comprise of aerobic or cardio exercise and work out. If it can be stretch to one hour each session for 5 days a week will be much better.
- Drink at least 6-8 glass of water per day.
- Eat small portion of meals with definite intervals in 5-6 divided, but please keep watch on your per day calories to remain within 2000 calories per day.
Article written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan