Heat stroke. What is it, how to prevent or treat it.


Heat stroke. What is it, how to prevent or treat it.

Heat stroke is also referred to as heatstroke or sunstroke.

Heat stroke in medical term means hyperthermia. In this condition, the body temperature is elevated rapidly to 103-105 degree F and may also be associated with dehydration.

By Mahmood Hussain 22nd May 2018, write articles and blogs to be published in www.babyfirst.com.pk BABY FIRST PAKISTAN and on Facebook/babyfirstPakistan and other social media such as LinkedIn, Twitter and so on. The writer is from Karachi, Pakistan

Till to date 22nd May,  in the month of May this year, 115 death reported in Karachi by various media especially referred to by “Newsone” tv at 05:15 pm.

The temperature within last three days in Karachi and interior Sindh recorded between 42 to 45 degrees Celsius and humidity is also very low between 4-6 which means severe dry spell and advice by experts to stay mostly in shade and cool place during the day when the sun is sizzling with the heat wave. This is first heat wave which will persist for another 3-4 days. Next heat wave anticipated likely to be evident within June 2018

Sunday 20th May 2018 most part of Pakistan, especially of the Sindh and Punjab province, are adversely affected by elevated temperature. The temperature recorded persistently for a week range between 38 – 45 degree Celsius. Pakistan Metrological Department forecasted the same pattern likely to continue for coming next six days. The citizens need to prepare themselves to cope up with this crisis of extremely hot weather. The summer season has just started. City of Karachi and interior of Sindh is sizzling or baking.

The Government, relevant authorities are taking necessary measures to manage and media also high lighting the issue. But are they enough to prevent their citizen?

The daily Dawn on 27th March 2018 published a report with having a headline “Is Karachi ready to fight in coming next big heat wa

Heat Stroke:

Heat stroke is term as the medical emergency, this needs immediate attention and management. This condition can be fatal if urgent care is not provided. Sun Stroke patient to be properly treated.


Heat Stroke occurs in an individual due to exposure to severe hot weather during the daytime. This may result in raised body temperature also refer as severe hypothermia body temperature to the level 104degree F or above and loss of water from the body which is referred to as dehydration. Heat Stroke or Sun Stroke is referred to as the heat-related illness. Elevated body temperature is associated with a physical symptom such as heat cramps and heat exhaustion. If the recommended first aid or emergency treatment is not facilitated in time this may be fatal.

Heat Stroke is assessed by observing the sign and symptom in a person who has been exposed to an extreme temperature within outside.

To immediately treat the heat stroke victim, it is important to cool down the patient, bring him in shade and ventilate the place for breathing. This may give some sigh of relief to the heat stroke patient. As quickly as possible call the emergency service for proper assessment, management, and treatment.

The foremost important to treat heat stroke sufferer is to ensure the patient does not get dehydrated.

Within extreme hot and humid weather please avoid vigorous physical activities especially outdoor.


Following are the most likely people to be affected these are:

  • Infants or toddlers
  • Elderly people,
  • Infants & children
  • Outdoor workers or vendors
  • Athletes or vigorous physical activities.

Avoid leaving children, infants and pets in cars. They are more prone or likely to heat stroke. It has been observed even in bearable or moderate weather the temperature inside the car rises and reaches the dangerous level.

Symptoms of heat stroke.

The symptoms are likely, agitation, disorientation, confusing behavior, disorientation, lack of sweetening and this may result in coma.

Signs and symptoms due to heat exhaustion which may include following:

A headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, muscular cramp, fatigue, difficulty in breathing, the rapid increase in pulse rate and weakness.

However, few individuals will develop symptoms of heat stroke or sunstroke abruptly and quickly without any warning.

Each, individual behaves different and they may reflect different sign and symptom of heat stroke.  One symptom which is common is high grade fever


Management and treatment of heat stroke patient.

This is medical emergency and victims of heat stroke to receive immediate treatment with an objective to save life and damage to vital organ.

The main objective now is to cool down the sufferer.

First and main priority is to bring the victim within the shade and avoid exposure to the sun.

Remove the clothing and wet the body with cool water to cool down.

Bring him/her under the fan or ventilate the place this will lead to sweating and evaporation.

Secondly, place the ice or ice pack in armpit and groin.

Call immediately the emergency or relief centers nearby to the place for the medical treatment and attention. On the phone, they can advise or guide how to give first aid till they reach the place where the victim is lying.

Record the body temperature and do all efforts to cool down and bring down or lower the body temperature from 104 to 106 F to 101–102F  or even lower. Provide liquid ORS or cool water and beverage to replenish water


What precaution to be taken to protect from heat stroke.

The first and foremost important to prevent heat stroke is to take precaution not to be dehydrated (drink regularly fluid or water).

Secondly, avoid rigorous physical activities om hot and humid weather.

Keep yourself away from direct exposure to the sizzling sun for a prolonged period.

Wear light color and lightweight clothing.

Cover your head with hat or cap or pagri.

During exposure to extreme heat or weather, the body needs regular replenishment of water and salt (sodium chloride) this should be taken care means drink more water or fluids.

Exceptional care needs to be exercised by adults that are to keep the car locked when not in use. Please never and ever leave the infants, children and pets unattended in the car.

The article is written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan website, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and other popular social media

About Mahmood Hussain

Professional Experience More than 36 years work experience in Healthcare & Pharmaceutical sectorDirector & General Manager Baby First (Pvt.) Ltd Pakistan March 2011 – till to date I have been associated with Baby First (Pvt) Ltd for more than 5 years. It is advisory, community and social interaction medium for parents 16-38 years and babies 0-6 years.General Manager Aga Khan Health Service Pakistasn December 2005 – December 2007 (2 years 1 month)Based at Karachi Pakistan Worked as General Manager managing Karachi & Baluchistan Health care services of AKHSP which includes primary and secondary health care centers and diagnostic centers on all areas nearly 102 centers which include three leading hospitals in Karachi.General Manager Janssen Cilag (Johnson & Johnson) February 1998 – January 2005 (7 years)Education MBA, Marketing 1995 – 1996, Preston University MSc, Biochemistry 1970 – 1974, Karachi University

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