Diarrhea is one of the leading cause of death in children below the age of 5 years in our region especially which comprises of Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. Diarrhea is cause mainly due to infection in gastrointestinal tract which is due to harm full bacteria or virus.
How to prevent and treat young child
Now a day’s sizzling summer season has started in Pakistan also in our SARRC region mostly. From mid of April till end of August mostly the hot days persist. The mercury of thermometer may rise above 40 degree Celsius in these days. Please to be noted in certain areas of our region temperature will reach 45 degree Celsius or cross above this level. We all need to protect ourselves, especially our children. Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun during hot weather, especially during peak hours of the day that is midday.
How to Prevent yourself & children from diarrhea
The best way is by proper hand washing and eating healthy and safely cooked food. This will lead to prevent from spreading germs which may cause diarrhea and in certain cases vomiting along with diarrhea. Ensure not to eat or drink outside especially from street vendors, which, may be rich source of contamination and may lead to gastrointestinal infection in shape of diarrhea and vomiting.
Children mostly suffers from diarrhea during the summer. This condition may lead to fluid loss from body which is terms also as dehydration. This condition can prove to be dangerous or even fatal. The diarrhea which occur during hot month of summer among infants and children, which are mainly due to taking contaminated food and poor hygienic condition. The diarrhea mostly occurs due to microbial contamination either it is bacterial or viral.
Symptoms of diarrhea are mostly common and likely appears as:
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of fluid
Diarrhea is dangerous
This condition needs to be taken care off immediately and properly. Diarrhea of summer is difficult to manage, because of excessive heat. This may result in dehydration of body, reason may be due to heavy sweating by individual.
Children suffering from diarrhea can lose large amount of water and salts. This may lead to severe dehydration. If diarrhea persist with excessive vomiting this may lead to further aggravating the condition of sufferer. In such condition, if not properly taken care off can cause lot of harm to the young child. If the diarrhea persists for prolong period or happens recurrently this may harm the proper and normal development stage of child.
This condition should be treated properly and as soon as possible. The main treatment is by replenishing fluid which should contains water and salt. This will cover up the loss of fluid the child has lost due to diarrhea. If vomiting also persists along with diarrhea, please treat patient as per guidelines and recommendation provided by World Health Organization (WHO).
To treat patient with diarrhea, hydration is critical, especially among the children. It is important to feed your child with regular hygienic diet but it is also important to feed child with more liquids during this period. If you are preparing homemade treatment it be should properly cook, clean and sterilize. _Treat them with following options like Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) or Shikanjabeen, yoghurt such as lassi or chacch or rice ORS (liquid of cooked rice normally refers as peech).
Please avoid giving child soft drinks, fruit juices and instant soup. If child is infant or young below 18-24 month please ensure to increase the breast milk feeding for replenishment.
Probiotics are also available to treat diarrhea from reputable companies and renown companies. These are effective in soothing the symptom and providing positive effect to the sufferer especially the kids. Probiotics are helpful in digestion and metabolizing the food.
It is recommended to consult your doctor before using probiotic for the children or adult. This is also recommended by doctors to treat the diarrhea. By giving probiotic it normalizes the gut movement to keep it healthy. Probiotic will help in restoring the beneficial microbes in intestine and stomach. This also boosts body immunity to fight against the future infections.
Article written by Mahmood Hussain for Baby First Pakistan