Diarrhea: It’s Causes & Management in Adults & Children

By definition

Diarrhea is commonly referred to the condition of loose and watery stool. The intensity of stool increases with having more liquid outflow in case of Diarrhea.  The sufferer or the individual patient has to rush more frequently to the toilet to pass the watery or semi solid stool.

Normally diarrhea symptoms may last for few days but this may also persist for longer period may last for week.


Below are listed symptoms of diarrhea:

  • Loose watery stool with greater frequency
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Fever also observed during this condition
  • May be stool with blood clot
  • Heaviness and bloating feeling in the stomach.


Causes of Diarrhea

The condition persists due to the condition when you eat contaminated food or and take unhygienic liquid.  This contaminated food or liquid passes quickly or in large quantities or in both condition via your large intestine (Colon). The function of large intestine is to absorb liquid from the passing food which we have taken as food and this lead to formation of semi solid stool. If the water is not reabsorbed from the ingested food or liquid this lead to the condition of watery stool and the condition is referred as diarrhea.

Below listed are the main causes of Diarrhea:

Bacteria and parasites. Certain bacteria if taken or ingested in shape of contaminated food or liquid may lead to diarrhea.  Parasite such as Giardia lamblia and cryptosporidium can cause diarrhea. Common source for transmitting are water and infected food. This can transfer the bacteria and parasites to human body which causes diarrhea


  • Rotavirus is the main reason or cause of diarrhea in children. The physician of children recommends having your child vaccinated for Rota Virus which is readily available. This should be done before the onset of Hot summer weather and sizzling heat wave. Other virus which may cause are Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus and viral hepatitis. .
  • Medicines especially antibiotics. Normally in infected condition physician prescribe antibiotics, which eliminate the bacteria whether it is good or bad, it is commonly refer as normal flora of intestine is disturb due to use of antibiotic. This disturbance may sometimes leads to infection with Clostridium difficile bacteria and this may cause diarrhea.
  • Lactose intolerance. This has been observed many people suffer from diarrhea when they eat or consume dairy products. This is the condition refer as lactose tolerance. This may be due to the sugar found in milk which is hard to be digested by those individuals.
  • This condition may also observe due to usage of artificial sweeteners as well as in few after surgery such as labchole (gall bladder removal surgery) or abdominal surgery and in certain surgery where use of antibiotics to prevent infection due to surgery.

When to visit the doctor


It become essential to visit your doctor in the condition of diarrhea when.

Diarrhea still persist after 2 days

  • When severe dehydration persist (which means extreme form of dehydration. Feeling of thirst with dryness of mouth and skin. In extreme cases patient have feeling of dizziness, faintness and severe weakness. No urination or dark yellow or orange color urination is passed.)
  • Feeling of high intensity and non bearable pain in stomach.
  • Patient himself or care taker observe black stool or blood in stool
  • High grade fever persist that is above 102 degree Farhen height

Diarrhea in children

In case of children suffering from diarrhea you have to be cautious and monitor the condition.

In case of diarrhea still persist and does not improve within 24 hours please contact the doctor. If having following conditions.

  • If body temperature recorded is more than102 degree Farhen height or 39 degree Celsius.
  • The baby cries regularly or observes dryness of mouth
  • Observe blood in stool or child passing black stool,
  • Unusual sleep pattern or child is feeling drowsy


How to Prevent Diarrhea

  • First and foremost is washing your hand regularly and frequently.
  • Recommended is to wash the hand with soap and water and this should be observe for at least 20 second. This is to ensure cleanliness and germ free hand
  • Teach your children to properly wash their hand properly and regularly especially before and after eating their food.
  • The hand washing is recommended after using toilet.
  • Ensure to wash hand after sneezing or coughing.
  • After cooking food or preparing food please wash your hands.

While travelling how to prevent diarrhea

In summer season mainly diarrhea is very common because due to long summer vacation of children, families do travel from cities to cities or outside countries.

While during travelling and on vacation the people or families mostly eat outside. The food or water may be infected. It is advised below how to avoid or prevent from diarrhea.

  • First and foremost is to use safe and clean drinking water, avoid using ice cubes to make chill.
  • It is advisable to use reputable properly sealed drinking water or fizzy drinks.
  • Avoid using raw vegetables or undercooked food. Eat well cooked and freshly / hot meal. If you wish to eat fruits and vegetable as salad please be assure it is properly washed and cleaned.
  • Avoid using antibiotic until or unless it is advice by the physician if your are sick. Over use of antibiotic may lead to diarrhea.
 Written By Muhammad Raza for Baby First website and facebook

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